China Global Television Network – CGTN


cgtn-buildingCGTN Building in Beijing

Paul Chong                                 Wednesday, 8 February 2017

The role of multi media plays a significant part in the eco-political & social growth of the nation. Its impact & influence come softly & miraculously.

CGTN (China Global Television Network) is a 24-hour English/Mandarin news channel based in Beijing, housed in a most peculiar building known as the “Underpants Building”.

img20170208093100China 24

Symbolically, the building has two legs (towers) surging towards heaven to be spanned & joined angularly at the top by horizontally built structure.

CGTN is owned by China Central Television. Originally known as CCTV (China Central TV) it was founded on 25 September 2000. As of 1 January 2017, it has changed to this new name as CGTN.

img20170208053046img20170208033217Tian WeiTian Wei’s “World Insight”

It carries 56 channels. Only Channel 7 is in English covering a wide range of topics. CGTN is manned by a good many professional presenters recruited from various parts of the world. Perhaps, CGTN would in due course increase the number of programs in English.

img20170208083636img20170208092730Beijing is the home base with two others at Nairobi & Washington . . . three strategically well placed locations. So, the air waves flow from Beijing right across the continent of Africa onto the American continent. Europe & Asia are all covered, of course.

There’s a program for every taste . . . Variety is the spice of life & colours make the world go round.

See the difference . . . Hear the difference . . .
And the difference grows . . . Just like everything else
growing rapidly in China!

img20170208101409By the way, CGTN is watched via satellite dish installed at a cost of under AUD1,000, a one-off payment without any further commitment, unlike Foxtel. Besides CGTN & associate programs, you’ll get other English programs & movies (all in English) from Japan, Macau, Taiwan, Korea, Russia, France etc.

China Marketing & Connecting High-Speed Train Globally

Paul Chong                               Monday, 6 February 2017

images-4Chinese are smart & quick learners . . . by the process of “reversed engineering” they have in less than 10 years mastered the high speed rail technology. Now they are highly competitive pushing its way (overcoming obstacles) to connect the whole world with its quality technology.
With political will, incentive packages backed by financial resources such as AIIB (Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank), China Construction Bank or China Development Bank (which has in fact overtaken the World Bank), every possibility is at hand to see to its economic success of circumventing the world with high-speed rail (HSR).

Here China’s policy of win-win formula for all who jump unto the train wagon. It attracts investors & political leaders alike on a mutual benefit basis with little or no string attached. Developing economics & no less others are being pulled by China’s special incentive packages.

By 2020, only three years from now, experts are optimistic & predicting that you can enjoy at high speed from Beijing to London. Perhaps if not, by 2025. It follows then to travel from London under the Atlantic to New York!

The economic light shines bright at the end of the tunnel.

China’s first high-speed railway started operation in 2008 between Beijing and Tianjin. However, the whole project has not proceeded without major missteps. An accident on a high-speed rail line in Wenzhou, Zhejiang province in July 2011, killed at least 38 passengers and injured nearly 300, casting a shadow over the safety of China’s high-speed rail industry. Could the project be moving too fast?

As evidenced from the above accident which led to the sacking & imprisonment of the corrupted Minister of Transport, Liu Zhijun, the future of the high-speed rail system appeared to be doomed. In the initial stage, China suffered several setbacks when it pushed to export its high-speed rail technology . . . countries such as Venezuela, Mexico and Thailand turned down.

The most recent setback was the US company XpressWest’s termination of its contract with China Railway International for a high-speed railway connecting Las Vegas and Los Angeles.

However, the low cost of Chinese products has been a traditional advantage. China’s bullet trains were a third cheaper than Japan or Germany’s, and were built in half the time of Japanese ones, Chinese experts said.

new-silk-roadChina’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative, the New Silk Road by land & by sea, proposed by President Xi Jinping, aimed at boosting trade links and infrastructure such as railways attract a great deal of attention & many countries along the belt route. China is to help Iran build high-speed rail as part of ‘One Belt, One Road’ strategy.

China and Japan are the biggest two competitors in the global high-speed railway market. Japan’s Shinkansen started operating domestically in 1964, when it became the world’s first high-speed rail system in commercial use. It is also the safest railway, without a fatal accident on record.

“Too many factors are ­involved in the setbacks of high-speed rail exports. Usually problems are unrelated to the production itself, but such as the terms of loans, level of interest rates and whether buyers can offer sovereign guarantees,” an executive at the China Railway Rolling Stock Corp (CRRC) headquarters said.

Officials from nearly 20 developing countries in Africa, Asia and South America visited the China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation’s (CRRC) Tangshan factory recently in a week-long program arranged by the Hong Kong-based Finance Centre for South-South Cooperation.

Most came from countries along the route of China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative aimed at boosting trade links and infrastructure such as railways.

According to Weekend Australian recent report( 2 Oct. 2015), after months of confusion, back flips and uncertainty, the Indonesian government has finally awarded the contract to construct a prized railway link between Jakarta and Bandung to China. The disappointed Japanese chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga broke the news to the world, saying: “I can’t understand this at all. It is highly unfortunate.”
Beijing has simply outmanoeuvred Tokyo on this bid as a result of a competitive financing package for Indonesia.

The Wall Street Journal reported that Gatot Trihargo, deputy minister for financial services at Indonesia’s Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises said China’s plan met Jakarta’s criteria that the project not depend on Indonesian financing or a loan guarantee.

High-speed rail contracts have become the latest battleground for China and Japan. Though Japan is famous for its sophisticated and mature high-speed rail technology, Beijing has proven to be a formidable challenger on the international stage. In a little less than a decade, China has managed to build 60 per cent of the world’s high-speed railway network.

China’s ability to digest and improve imported foreign technology. referred to as “reversed engineering”, has been even more important to this process than the speed at which it can construct new lines. The country is now in a position to export high-speed trains with its own proprietary technology.

The extraordinary success of China’s high-speed rail industry can be credited to Liu Zhijun, a former railway minister, as mentioned, is now languishing in prison following his conviction on bribery charges.
He masterminded a clever scheme whereby participating foreign partners & investors having to agree with “technology sharing”.
Liu’s goal was simple, he wanted Chinese train makers to digest foreign technology as quickly as possible and then develop China’s own technology on that foundation. In 2004, leading international train makers such as Bombardier, Kawasaki and Alstom had no choice but to form joint ventures with Chinese makers to bid for these large projects.

German maker Siemens joined the game a year later after initially refusing to share the technology with the Chinese in 2004. The temptation of hitching a wagon to the fast-expanding Chinese market was simply too hard to resist, even though these companies knew that their technology was at risk.

These technology-sharing agreements significantly improved the ability of Chinese train makers to design and manufacture advanced trains. Though foreign partners didn’t share some core proprietary technology with the Chinese, Beijing nevertheless benefitted enormously from these joint ventures.

In 2008, the then railway ministry (it’s since been disbanded) and the technology ministry signed an agreement to mobilise the entire country’s engineering and technology talent to build the next generation of train technology.

The mobilisation of human resources is simply staggering. Over 10,000 engineers, researchers and technicians were involved in the project. This engineering army included 60 fellows of Chinese academies of sciences and engineering and 500 university professors. The Manhattan Project was similar to this with the US government’s effort to build an atomic bomb ahead of the Nazis.

In a little less than a decade, China has built a “high-speed train industry/economy” from scratch and it is capable of making high-tech trains from its own proprietary technology. President Xi Jinping & his premier Li Keqiang never fail to market it whenever & wherever they are. The development of China’s high-speed train industry is a clear example of the party’s mobilisation strength.

Chinese engineers can quickly absorb, adapt and improve foreign technology for their own ends. Once they’ve digested existing technology, they are capable of developing that into the next generation.

China has built the world’s largest bullet-train network.
Less than a decade ago China had yet to connect any of its cities by bullet train. Today, it has 20,000km (12,500 miles) of high-speed rail lines, more than the rest of the world combined. It is planning to lay another 15,000km by 2025 (see map). Just as astonishing is urban growth alongside the tracks.
High-speed rails are more than just a mode of transport. China wants to build a “high-speed rail economy”, obviously with multiple economic & social benefits accruing thereby, such as road congestion reduction, growth of urbanisation, attracting & distributing population along its route.

The World Bank, for one, is optimistic. In a report published in 2014 it said the benefits of high-speed rail would be “very substantial”, potentially boosting the productivity of businesses in China’s coastal regions by 10%.

The network expansion now under way is even bolder than Mr Liu had envisaged. China has a four-by-four grid at present: four big north-south and east-west lines. Its new plan is to construct an eight-by-eight grid by 2035. The ultimate goal is to have 45,000km of high-speed track.
By 2020-2025, Chinese High-Speed Rail Link will connect Asia and Europe, Africa & South America, Indonesia & Malaysia . . . all speeding on with China to the greater global economy.

images-2Smiling uniformed girls, pretty as they come, like air hostages to serve you making your luxurious rail journey as comfortable & delightful as can be.s-america

More Pictures:    images-1asia-connectionafricaterp-by-business-insider-1-jpg

China Building Floating Islands in South China Sea

Paul Chong                                      Sunday, 5 February 2017


island-fr-afarfloating-islandsThe American have always been known for their aggressive though creative imagination to capture people’s mind , hearts & soul . . . with propaganda, intimidation & threats of war. Mostly playing the part of the aggressor & under the guise of introducing western democracy, bringing about regime changes with the fall of Iraq’s Saddam Hussein & Libya’s Gaddafi, for example. The consequential costs of human life, misery & suffering are totally unacceptable . . . suffice for me to say this much without saying more.

Ironically, the Americans have all the justification & rationalisation for all that they have done. Bush was after “weapons of mass destruction”(WMD) when he invaded Iraq.

It would be suicidal to launch an attack on US. Silly ambitious Japan did by bombing Pearl Harbour during WW2 & suffered its defeat by US dropping off two atomic bombs over Hiroshima & Nagasaki. Militarily, US is supreme . . . “touch me not”.

China had enjoyed greatness before in its dynasty past as well as great humiliation in the hands of grabbing foreign power since prior to the fall of the last dynasty. No other nation can appreciate peace & harmony more than China.

To say the very least, China is truly committed to peaceful development, harmonious living, cooperation & co-existence. But why is US so jittery? China has a civilisation of over 5,000 years, that was “on the wane but never gone away”. It’s used to building mega structures . . . the Great Wall, Grand Canal, Forbidden City, Three Gorges Dam . . . after all, it’s a BIG country with a BIG population of over 1.3 billion (like every one in five living there).

Americans like to consider “white” as being supreme & beautiful. Contrarily, without the array & enhancement of colour mix, white alone does not have that impact. Beauty is truly in the eyes of the beholder. Beautiful rainbow has seven primary colour. An artist requires a variety of colours to paint. Can the human landscape do without colour?

It has estimated by experts that by 2025, China should complete a phase of infrastructure that will rival what the United States has built in its entire history. It is estimated that China will overtake US as number one economy by the earliest 2020 or latest 2025!

futuristic-floating-cityfloating-citySince 2015 China been building giant Floating Islands (also Floating City) in the South China Sea. China’s pursuit of construction projects to assert its claims to disputed territory in the South China Sea. China is not backing down over its “ancestral” claim. Initially, China was just building up Spratly Island.

China, not just satisfied with turning South China Sea reefs into its first defence front, while Chinese Shipyard looks to building giant Floating Islands. The speed and scale of China’s island-building spree in the South China Sea last year aroused fear among the disputed claimers over a scattering of reefs and islands in the South China Sea, more than 500 miles from China. Material for the project is transported through a floating pipe.

Dispute with provocation can lead on to war. China’s Foreign Office, however, is willing to negotiate & settle peacefully through dialogue. Dialogue for negotiation should be left to concerned parties without outside intervention.

Below: Map of “Nine-Dash Line” to demarcate China’s territorial waters in South China Sea.

The Chinese

virgil-xi-jinping-2-getty-640x480By Paul Chong                                      Friday, 3 February 2017

“Nothing and no one can destroy the Chinese people. They are relentless survivors. They are the oldest civilized people on earth. Their civilization passes through phases but its basic characteristics remain the same. They yield, they bend to the wind, but they never break.”
―Pearl S. Buck
(Nobel Prize laureate and novelist)

Pearl S Buck’s quote concerning the Chinese is a verified truism without ground for any gainsaying. Truth stands the test of time. They never fade. They will always be around. Whatever the circumstances, they’re politically harmless yet economically unassailable.

The Chinese are most assiduous in their economic pursuit in life. It seems to be their only passion & interest, their magnificent obsession. They never yield.They are of a different breed, tenacious, resilient, resourceful, innovative & built with a sterner stuff. One runs out of appropriate adjectives in his description of the Chinese. Without doubt, the words patriotic & passion ought to be applied. Honour & respect to be duly accorded to the elders & national leaders without question.

Mysterious, they pop up in every corner of the earth. It’s been said that wherever the ocean flows & touches land, the Chinese will be there. However, the Chinese who left the Chinese shore in search of survival were mainly from the lower strata of the society. The elite stayed home. The elite class of the Chinese people never their motherland in the various waves of migration.

On that notion, as Lee Kuan Yew, the late founder of Singapore, in his encounter with the then Paramount Ruler of China Mr Deng Xiaoping, pointed out this very salient point & secret as contributing to the success of the overseas Chinese. Mr Lee held to that opinion & Deng saw what a difference the Chinese cream could attain at home, no doubt success would come at an even greater pace. The requisite was providing them with opportunities. The rest is history.

Perhaps it should be said, the success of the Singaporean Chinese, originally a class below the homeland’s elite, is even more admirable. Singapore, a city state without any natural resources, has been known as one of the four “Little Tigers” in Asia, was deemed to gloom when separated from Malaysia in 1965. Singapore, with 75% of Chinese population, is well known for its success.

Historically, though the scenario is changing fast, the Chinese are traditionally extreme hard working, never taking holiday breaks except when it comes to Spring Festival or Chinese New Year. Celebrations usually last for fifteen days, when family members near or far return home for reunion. Just look at the mass of returning migrant workers returning home for the Spring Festival by the expreeways, plane or train, high-speed rail system. Ahead planning for adequate transport means got to be provided to cater for the millions.

The concept of “Jia“ (family) is most significant to the Chinese from the individual single family to the nation – national family “guojia”. Every facet of life is centred on the word “Jia”. . . the person, community & the nation. Kinship ties are very important.

Now, as Chinese attain economic success, they are appreciating leisure & pleasure . . . taking time off for such luxury. Nowadays there are more Chinese tourists than others in all parts of the world.

Having lived in isolation for hundreds & thousand of years & having a mindset of inward looking, China & its people are open & reaching out to the rest of the world. For too long they had been isolated, deprived of the good things in life. They now want the best. They embrace globalization & are freely willing to share their new found love, fortune & treasure. While others are retreating, the Chinese are moving forth adjusting, adapting & adopting the concept & slogan as propounded by Deng Xiaoping. (As below)

to be replaced by
向 ”钱” 走

is “Money”
Both phrases sound alike in pinying “xiang qian zou”

The Chinese under Mao Zedong’s days were motivated, moving forward with passion in the renown Long March (October 1934 – October 1935). That was a gruesome & suffering endeavour where perished. It took Deng Xiaoping, the great economic strategist, after seeing the Singapore model, to open up China with the establishment of special economic zones in Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Shantou in Guangdong Province and Xiamen in Fujian. Henceforth . . . China’s phenomenal economic miracle.

In hindsight, China is merely revitalising & reinvigorating its great dynasty past. The sleeping dragon, which Napoleon Bonaparte dared not touch, is now awake . . . making the Chinese people recapturing their pride & dignity.

Stand tall without fear of fall

Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) is celebrated with great pomp by millions everywhere.

The Chinese are bringing joy to the world.


Paul Chong                                     Thursday, 2 February 2017


(Short name for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei. Ji is a one-character abbreviation often used for Hebei province.)

The name Jing-Jin-Ji has a definite crystal ring to the name of Xi Jinping.
A megapolistic dream of President Xi Jinping.
Jing-Jin-Ji: Birth of a megalopolis with Chinese characteristics.A mega project unparalleled in human history.

  • the size of New England
  • the largest megacity in human history
  • Northeast China will soon be home to a massive regional hub with a population five times that of the New York metropolitan area.
  • an area of 82,000 sq miles larger than 100 US cities combined
  • 130 million population when completed, some 10% of China’s one billion-plus people. Currently, it’s 110 million combined.

Hebei, a poorer, steel-producing province roughly the size of Oklahoma. Tianjin was connected to the capital Beijing via a high-speed train in 2008 that covers the 130-kilometer (80-mile) distance in a mere 30 minutes.

Integration of the areas will spur more development as well as help to relieve Beijing’s belching smog, sprawling traffic jams and notoriously long commutes—which in some cases stretch to as long as three hours.

Though Beijing and Tianjin officials have stayed tight-lipped on plans, Hebei stirred the pot recently when the provincial government announced on its website (in Chinese) that the city of Baoding (150 kilometers from Beijing) was preparing to take on some of Beijing’s administrative functions, without offering specifics. But it’s already causing real estate prices to soar. It’s actually three very large cities that are being forced to merge together to, bizarrely, reduce the size of one of them: Beijing.
The new city should unite Beijing, Tianjin and the Hebei region into one supercity.


*Beijing will become more on political, cultural and high tech industries, the high end functions.

*The Port of Tianjin, which is one of the busiest ports in the world, vying to become the financial heart of China’s northeast.

*Hebei will have heavy industries, and the relocation of   ‘non-capital functions’.

China has committed $36 billion to further build high-speed rail connection . . . to improve transport links between Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei.
Getting around Jing-Jin-Ji speedily will be ensured.
This colossal infrastructure building endeavor will include of a total of nine projects that will consist of 1,100 kilometers of new track being laid by 2020.
integration will allow entire regions of cities to function as singular urban organisms that can be better administered, planned, and economically developed.

The frameworks that China’s megaregions are being built upon are the enhanced transportation grids that run through them, which often consist of new high-speed and conventional rail lines, metro systems, light rail, and highways that allow people and goods to travel from one city to another as though they were all part of the same urban entity. There will still be significant amounts of green space and rural areas within these city clusters.

# In addition to Jing-Jin-Ji, China is currently building around nine other such megacity clusters across the country, which include one consisting of 16 cities and 80 million people in Yangtze River Delta and another which draws together 11 cities another 48 million people in the Pearl River Delta.

Nicaragua’s Mega Canal Project

Paul Chong                                             Thursday, 2 February 2017



The Nicaraguan Canal and Development Project (also referred to as the Nicaragua Grand Canal, or the Grand Interoceanic Canal) is a planned shipping route through Nicaragua to connect the Caribbean Sea (and therefore the Atlantic Ocean) with the Pacific Ocean.

president-daniel-ortegaDaniel Ortega (Nicaragua President) & Wang Jing (Chinese billionaire)

The current project is supposed to cost $50 billion, financed by a mysterious Chinese business tycoon named Wang Jing who is backed, almost certainly, by the Chinese government behind the scenes.

The plan is much broader than just a canal. Mr. Wang’s vision includes new airports, new ports on both ends of the canal, new lakes in the mountains to make sure the canal has enough water, and new islands in Lake Nicaragua to dispose of excavated sediment and rock.

The little-known Wang made his fortune in telecommunications, not in construction. Chinese billionaire, Wang Jing, officially broke ground (December 2014) & the project was scheduled to be completed in 6 years.

Delay has been due to Wang’s recent setbacks — he has reportedly lost about 80 percent of his $10 billion fortune. Some experts say the deal is probably dead.
Three times as long and twice as deep as the Panama Canal, it would slice 170 miles across the southern part of the country — bulldozing through fragile ecosystems, virgin forests and scenes of incredible beauty. It would allow for the passage of the world’s largest ships, vessels the length of skyscrapers that are too big for the Panama Canal.

Facilitating the movement of goods from the Pacific to the Atlantic aligns with Chinese interests, and the cost of the project is hardly an obstacle if the Chinese government wants to go forward — if it is involved.

Mr. Daniel Ortega, a left-wing guerrilla turned pro-business politician, promised that the canal would transform Nicaragua and create hundreds of thousands of jobs, eventually doubling the country’s gross domestic product. Many Nicaraguans, eager for a better future, embraced the idea, and many still do.

Experts are concerned about the seismic activity in the area, or the many volcanoes. And then there is the 50-mile trench to be dug on the floor of Lake Nicaragua, the largest body of fresh water in Central America — which many fear could end up contaminating, even killing, the lake.

Economists and human rights activists also object to the powers Wang has to expropriate land at far less than market rates, saying the terms of Wang’s concession could discourage anyone else from investing in Nicaragua.

In answers to written questions, Pang Kwok Wai, the executive vice president of Wang’s company, the Hong Kong Nicaragua Canal Development Investment Company, said Wang was in talks with potential investors and would announce progress “in due form.” He said Wang had already invested about $500 million of his own money.

The idea behind this mega project is that it can handle more and bigger ships. Maybe more likely, the canal will remain the unrealized dream of men who want to enshrine their names in glory forever.

Hope for the Poor         Some Protests

With China interest of globalization & sharing its economic growth & technology however, most of the problems are not insurmountable. Some still hope this mega project will lift the country out of poverty.

Joke: Rent for Apartment

As related by Paul Chong                   Wednesay, 1 February 2017


Some jokes are good, others crude. Some are clean, but some will breed out blood & steam. If you’re a gentleman, you’ll prefer those with class & refinement. This then will turn out to be yet the best!

The subtlety of regret & the equally profound spontaneous response, by way of written notes over the worthiness of the sexual venture, elucidate the class, refinement & ethics of it all.

A businessman meets a beautiful girl and agrees to spend the night with her for $500. So they do. Before he leaves, he tells her that he does not have any cash with him, but he will have his secretary write a check and mail it to her, calling the payment ‘RENT FOR APARTMENT.

On the way to the office he regrets what he has done, realizing that the whole event was not worth the price. So he has his secretary send a check for $250 and enclosed the following typed note:

Dear Madam: “Enclosed you will find a check in the amount of $250 for rent of your apartment. I am not sending the amount agreed upon, because when I rented the apartment, I was under the impression that:
1) it had never been occupied
2) that there was plenty of heat
3) that it was small enough to make me feel cozy and at home.
However, I found out that it had been previously occupied,that there wasn’t any heat, and that it was entirely too large. “

Upon receipt of the note, the girl immediately returned the check for $250 with the following note:

Dear Sir,
“First of all, I cannot understand how you expect a beautiful apartment to remain unoccupied indefinitely. As for the heat, there is plenty of it, if you know how to turn it on. Regarding the space, the apartment is indeed of regular size, but if you don’t have enough furniture to fill it, please don’t blame the landlady. Send the rent in full or we will be forced to contact your present landlady.”

Equally responsive rising to the challenge! She really knows how to paint with words, like an artist with the brush on canvas.

A Day at the Beach in China.

Paul Chong                                      Tuesday, 31 January 2017

1 2 3China is BIG & I mean BIG. No less than 1.35 billion Chinese out of the world’s total population of 7 billion (2011) live in China. Each of its 23 provinces is like the size of any other country globally.
Can you then conceive in your mind what the crowd would be in the field of leisure & pleasure?

4 5There’s always something to be said about a country’s population . . .
Just look at the above pictures & below, then don’t ever complain about crowded beaches anymore!

6 7In China, they’ll need a GPS to find their umbrella or to locate the toilet!
When you miss or lose a loved one there at the beach, would you be able to locate him or her?

Can you see that pretty girl waving to you?

The mind boggles.

Where do they park their cars?
Do they have any lifeguards?
How the hell do you get a tan?
Just imagine what it would be like if everyone in the water peed?
Maybe that is how the Yellow River got its name!

Can you imagine our own famous Bondi Beach in Sydney?

bondi-beach-sydneyBondi Beach, Sydney
Surely it can’t be compared – two different levels of playing field.
Even though I am not much of a beach goer, I prefer Bondi.


Birth Control Pills & Grandma

Paul Chong                                      Tuesday, 31 January 2017

gty_birthcontrol_pill_mem_151112In a lighter vein today I like to share with you a delightful joke which I received in the mail. They say that laughter is good for the heart. It sort of draws a smile instead of a growl & makes the crowd roar with laughter.
The story relates a grandma to her young new doctor.

The doctor of an 80-year-old grandma had finally retired. Therefore, at the elderly lady’s next checkup, the new doctor told her to bring a list of all the medicines that had been prescribed for her.
As the young doctor was looking through them, his eyes grew wide as he realized that the little old Grandmother had a prescription for birth control pills.
“Mrs. Smith, you do realize that these are birth control pills?”
“Yes, doctor. They really help me sleep at night.”
“Mrs. Smith”, he said, flabbergasted, “I assure you there is absolutely NOTHING in these that could possibly help you sleep!”
The old lady reached out and patted the innocent, young doctor’s knee:
“Yes, dear. I understand. But believe me. They definitely help me sleep at night . . .”

“. . . You see, every morning, I grind one up and mix it in the glass of orange juice that my 16-year-old granddaughter drinks!”

Don’t you think that she’s a very wise & crafty grandma?
Ha . . . ha . . . ha . . . LOL!