China’s Standing Supreme!!

By Paul Chong
Thursday 21 June 2018

“Zhongguo(ren) zhan qi lai le”

It’s a turbulent world we live in . . . revolutionary transformation is taking place, We now see the awakening dragon which was feared & avoided by Napoleon in his conquering days!

Henry Kissinger once said something to this effect: whoever controls petroleum shall control the other countries; whoever controls food supplies shall control mankind; whoever controls the distribution of money shall rule the world. No one country can manage without petroleum, but not every country has petroleum resources.

The above amazing commercial opportunities led US to lay down ground rules for Saudi and other major petroleum exporting countries to trade all petroleum in USD. Therefore any country who intended to import petroleum must convert their currency to USD to complete the deal. The petroleum exporting countries must receive the sale proceeds in USD, otherwise they might face serious repercussions. Obviously, US benefits much from such basis of world petroleum trade & in so doing established USD as the reserved currency.

Who would dare to defy US with all its great weapons of mass destruction, fighter bombers, cannons & its greatest war arsenal of all military weapons. The fate that Iraq & Libya suffered is what would happen to others in similar situations. Remember Saddam Hussein & Gaddafi? Both perished under the might of the Americans with blood spilling over the desert sand.

An interesting & perplexing question arises . . . US demands total denuclearisation of Iran & the current DPRK (North Korea), what about its own self?

Similar harsh measures would even befall upon staunch American allies in Europe. For instance, when the highly revered German Chancellor Angela Merkel just said Euro could be more appropriate for petroleum trading, the Americans immediately acted to precipitate the Greek debt crises, thereby causesing a big mess in European Union and almost resulted in the break-up. Merkel retreated in anguish and dared not raise such issue again.

With reference to the above charts, it can well be seen that China is standing tall & supreme economically. As China rises & globalisation progresses, US is lagging further & further behind. The question today is who is rebalancing whom?

Present Scenario:
*China is in a strong position to stand up to US on the level playing field. “Xiplomacy” does not require China togo to war or to destabilise target countries, causing suffering & destruction & intruding into others’ sovereignty. It’s all a question of “Xiplomacy” versus “Trumpinglogy”!

*While in the past no nation in the world would dare to offend the US, China did and succeeded. In 2014, the Russians made the first move to trade petroleum with China using Renminbi (RMB). That was astounding. Subsequently Iran and Iraq follow suit. Later Venezuela also discarded USD and traded their petroleum with China in RMB. With these major petroleum exporting nations trading in RMB, two-third of China’s import of petroleum were secured in RMB, thus US started to lose its benefits had these trading been done in USD.

*Now the worst scenario for US is that Saudi Arabia, the largest oil producer in the world,the big brother in the Middle East, is also switching to trade with China in Renminbi (RMB) – an absolute big blow to US.

*In order to crack the monopoly of trading using USD, China initiated further actions. Any country which accepted RMB for the sale of petroleum would be permitted to swapped the RMB for gold in the Shanghai bullion market. This move enables RMB to become more internationalized. The US become more alarmed. Now that petroleum, RMB, and gold are interchangeable, it means the confidence in RMB is linked to confidence in gold. This would hasten in establishing RMB as the reserved currency eroding the value of USD. Who would not be drawn closer to China being such a huge market.

*It would have been suicidal to offend the Americans in the past. But China today differed greatly from China of yesterday, 20 years of bitter endurance & intimidation, China has grown from strength to strength. The US today isn’t the same as the past US. 20 years of friction and wars had left a huge deficit in its coffer, and waned off its warring spirit.

*These countries which chose to use RMB to trade, be it the newly awakened Russia, US arch rivals Iran, Venezuela or the battered Iraq, were all ever ready to stand up to say no to US. Moreover what added to their resolve was that they are cooperating with China which has been well recognized as one country which could stand tall viv-a-vis the US.

On the other hand, the US had fought in many wars over the years, depleting its reserves and piling up astronomical national debt. In view of shortage of fund there were incidences of government shutdown. Under Trump’s administration, there were measures to down-size US global operations to avert worsening of its economic health. Now that monopoly of USD in trading has been foiled and US were well exasperated. But any show of force with China by the downcast war-monger is not the best option.

That was the reason that the US had in recent years laid shackles on China, such as threatening China in South China seas. That was one way for the US to let go its choked up air. The past dominance and overriding superiority is a thing of the past. That’s why one US analyst sighed: 20 years ago, US let China off the hook, now China has turned the table. But who would know, China’s growing power today was attained through how much of sweat, blood and tears! That was a whole century of unforgettable humiliation not just by one country but a multiple of western nations including the Japanese!

The present trade war with China by imposing $50 billion on Chinese imports shows US desperation attempting to make itself “great again”. In the final analysis, who stands to gain. Besides is not standing still but China is retaliating strongly by imposing similar tariffs on American produce.

In the past:
*US bombed the Chinese embassy (1999
Belgrade), the Chinese kept their cool.

*US navy air-craft collided with Chinese fighter
jet (2001, Hainan) China exercised patience.

*In 1996 Taiwan Straits crisis, US shut down
GPS, immobilizing two Chinese war vessels
in the Taiwan Straits, China still held its

*US warships with the support of British & French warships are intruding into the disputed areas of the South China Sea – no doubt just to provoke China.

As of now, situations in South China Sea have become clearer. Vietnam’s claim was repulsed and the anti-Chinese ex-president in Philippines was force to resign, now awaiting trial. The present president Rodrigo Duterte is leaning closer to China.

The arbitrators appointed by the US to manage the South China Sea disputes were unsuccessful. The Japanese also fumbled in their claims. Now the routine patrol of Diaoyu Islands is done by the Chinese. In addition, Chinese naval frigates and jets are often seen to traverse between the Japanese islands, drawing repeated protests from the Japanese. The Chinese officials said defiantly: they will get use to the trespassing in due course!!  And regarding the islet which the Indonesians had landed, the Chinese scientists announced they discovered an endangered plant in the vicinity and cordoned off an area more than 10 km radius as protected land. When the netizens read the news, they said that plant was there to uphold China’s national honour.

Now, the Chinese telescope called Tianyan is the world’s most advanced radio telescope. For mankind to hear the voices of the universe, the world got to depend upon China.

Now Huawei smartphone has begun to rise in popularity, and Samsung status has dropped and has tendency to explode. Plane passengers with certain series of Samsung smartphones were even not allowed to board. Apple 8 launch appeared to receive declining response.

Now, China has fully activated OROB (One Road One Belt), better known as BRI (Belt & Road Initiative 一带一路) thus widening its global markets without interference by the US. In so doing China is extending its win-win policy of economic growth & progress to all participating countries globally.

The spectacular Chang-an cargo train could haul about 200 coaches and reduced the time for cargo transport from China to Europe. Wherever it passed the crowds were greatly amazed and referred it as the Chinese great dragon.

Now online payment has become widespread so much so that roadside hawkers selling roasted potatoes could also accept online payment. Numerous westerners who lived in China felt greatly inconvenient when they returned to their home countries. They expressed that China is the cashless society and their home countries have lagged behind. Going home appears to get into another era.

Now China’s super fighter jet Chengdu J20 has been commissioned. To counter the US Stealth fighter jets, China has the Redflag series-9 Aerial Defence Missiles. Now US fighter jets would not dare to trespass China’s air space.

Now the Chinese nuclear submarines equipped with special high-tech have been fully upgraded. China’s very own aircraft carriers were successively commissioned.

Now China has also developed counter arsenals to thwart the American aircraft carriers. Those are Dongfeng 21D anti-ship ballistic missiles. These missiles could easily knock out the US aircraft carriers. When this news was announced, the US aircraft carriers line of defense retreated 400 Km.

Today, China has its own new early warning aircrafts, a new type of strategic bombers, and Xian Y-20 large transport aircrafts. Now China’s military helicopters and heavy-duty helicopters are constantly being commissioned. These are Z-10, Z-19, Z-20 and others, dazzling to the sight.

This is the speed of China! This is China’s national defense.

Over the last hundred years, China experienced humiliation and suffering through the Opium War, the Eight-Power Allied Forces and the Anti-Japanese War.

In the last hundred years, the Chinese took great pains and made relentless efforts to make nuclear bombs, build planes, build tanks and whatever the enemies have. China also made new gadgets that the enemies didn’t have.
Finally, China spent 60 years to catch up with what the West achieved over the past 200 years! China had used the blood, sweat and tears of numerous ancestors in exchange for today’s success!

When China suddenly raised its “heavenly sword” to put a stop to US’s dollar hegemony, the United States suddenly found that the rapid rise of China is now beyond its control!, They have been unable to stop China’s vigorous pace.

Now as China is marching doggedly forward despite torrents of resistance, achieving one breakthrough after another, it is hope that every Chinese will strive hard to keep the glorious flame of the Chinese race ever brighter. While it is said that China achieved miracles, one may just as well say China is a miracle.

Magnificently and Toweringly, China is taking the lead in AI (Artificial Intelligence). It is a fast changing world we live in. If as in the Grand Prix race, your vehicle stalled, others would race ahead & take the winner’s trophy.
As the sun rises in the East, the setting sun in the West would be a permanent feature. Remembering too that a wounded tiger is more ferocious & dangerous than would a well fed & contented tiger.

When China rules the world in contrast to the Western world, it will be a world of peace & prosperity, harmony & happiness . . . a world entirely different from the present with all the mess of destruction created by the West.

Xi Jinping, President of China, has now been elevated & elected to serve for life in his term of office, all policies & programs would have a definite continuity & completion & Xiplomacy would reign forever more.





An Octogenarian’s Look At Malaysia

By Paul Chong
A Chinese by Descent
An Australian by Consent
Thursday, 14 June 2018                              Malaysia – A Multi-Cultural Nation

Life is full of surprises. You only have to look at Malaysia’s Tun Dr Mahathir who at the age of 92 having led his party to an unbelievable victory on 9 May 2018 became the oldest prime minister in the world. This is an honour & privilege that few will ever attain.

This exceptional episode, perhaps never ever to be repeated anywhere else, has given rise to rethink about life’s perspectives. Evidently life does not cease at the retirement age of 55 or 65. There is a whole new life ahead. The glory of the sunset oftentimes is more glorious & magnificent than the morning sunrise.

The question of youthfulness, health & fitness also come to mind. Looking at Tun Dr Mahathir, still as witty as ever & spontaneous in his response when interviewed, people wonder if it is youth hormone (as rumoured), diet or vitamins that keep him so young & strong. Speculations aside, I believe it’s the natural 3Es (Enthusiasm, Excitement & Emotion) that act as vitamins & spell the miracle. You may well know that Tun Dr Mahathir holds the honour & distinction of having served as prime minister of Malaysia for a historic 22 years (1981 – 2003).

Shakespeare says: “Some men are born great, others achieve greatness, & still others have greatness thrust upon them.” You can, nevertheless, draw courage & inspiration from the lives of great men. To take on the task of managing a country bogged down in extreme corruption & financial disaster of a political quagmire, certainly calls for courage beyond human spirit. For a lesser man this road would not have been ventured.

Quo vadis? From this point on where would Malaysia be? Would racial harmony, fairness & justice rightly return? Would discrimination, polarisation & marginalisation persist? Election promises are often mere political rhetoric – verbal convention loses out to actual implementation & action.

Looking far into the horizon, is there any absolute guarantee? For as long as there’s squabble over trivial matter, materialistically or spiritually, underlying problems would not go away. For the next two years during which Tun Dr Mahathir would serve, things may go well & improve. The good doctor would know how to prescribe good medicine.

People all over the world want the same things in life. Deprivation of equal opportunities, discrimination, marginalisation, polarisation would inevitably give rise to discontent & social unrest.

Malaysia is a beautiful country, a land I always like to refer to as the Golden Chersonese. At least it was until Najib & his cohorts ruined it all.

The phrase: “It’s not the years in our life but our life in our years” which resonates the qualitative & quantitative aspects of life. It’s no good for a year or two – good life must be for always. Let’s hope there’s light at the end of the tunnel. With God’s grace & mercy, life for all in Malaysia would be as bright as ever for a multi-cultural nation.

Life’s Contentment & Happiness

By Paul Chong
(Friday, 8 June 2018)

Now that I am young no more, my day is drawing near at Heaven’s door.
I should know my body better than anyone else, with physical limitations & incapabilities as well.

My eyes dim, my walk weak with a back pain that made me weep.
No longer can I run around, even without a car for fun!

With God’s grace & mercy, I am as well as can be.

Material things no longer my ears ring, as I sit & stand content & happy to God I sing.

Malaysia’s Monarchy and Politics

Tun Dr Mahathir, New Prime Minister of Malaysia – Second time
around with changes in mind & advocating the Rule of Law

Malaysia’s Monarchy and Politics
By Paul Chong Tuesday, 5 June 2018
A Chinese by Descent
An Australian by Consent

Without prejudice & with due respect, speaking as a former Malaysian citizen, the Malaysian Monarchy is outdated & archaic. It serves no purpose whatsoever costing the rakyat heftily in finacial support. The Agong & the Sultans (state royalties) exist mainly serving as figure heads & ceremonial purposes. The seeming interference of the Malaysian Royal families in the politics of Malaysia lately has given rise to public outcry. Perhaps, it is timely & meritoriously to review & revamp Malaysia’s political setup & the question of the monarchy. In a small country like Malaysia we have more figure heads than any other country in the world. Suffice to have just the Menteri Besar administering each state. Constitutionally, the Agong could be replaced by an elected Head of State or President. All state royalties could be retired once & for all.

The question of loyalty to which royalty arises, giving rise to division & polarisation. In all sensibility, whatever the sentiment, different royalties set to divide & rule the rakyat, for they only represent the Malays, Bumiputras & the Islamic aspects of life.

It is a well known fact that Malaysia is a multi-racial society with a sizeable number of Chinese, Indians and a lesser lot of others. In all fairness & justice, is it right to marginalise them in terms of rights, special privileges, education, job opportunities, business contracts, civil service – can’t believe how long the list is!

The crux of the matter is where in the world would you find such a practice . . . not in US, Britain, Canada, Europe or China. Everyone is equally treated, no privileges or special preferences. To neglect & discriminate the rakyat one from the other reflects the glaring practice of the once infamous Apartheid in South Africa.

Incidentally, are such sensitive issues like Malay special privileges & rights enshrined in the Constitution? I know there are provisions for religious freedom.

The term “Bumiputra” (meaning son of the soil) was politically motivated, only restricted for use with the Malays. The true bumiputras are the aborigines in the Malaysian jungle whose lifestyle & status  remain unchanged. Originally, Malays are all immigrants from Indonesia, Arabic countries & even India. It’s been proven archaeologically that the Malays were not the first to land on Malayan soil. The term should be eradicated or if still in use to include everyone born & bred in Malaysia. That would be “politically correct” for the rebirth of a true democratic nation. The rakyat would then think & act as one Malaysian. Who should “Balik Kampong” otherwise becomes a great national dilemma.

Towards this end can you then achieve a true unified nation & do away with race-based politics. Democracy means greatly meritocracy irrespective of race, colour or creed. Malaysia should strive to “Be a Star . . . Forget the Scar”.

The rakyat must learn to hold in high esteem the value of pride & dignity; to learn to fish & live for life rather than to be given a fish & living for the day only. John F Kennedy in his inaugural address called upon the nation with his most famous words:


Penang, Malacca, Sabah & Sarawak have no monarchy. Uniformity should prevail over the new nation – a land I like to refer to as the Golden Chersonese, where there exist no discrimination, differences & discrepancies. Cohesivenes & inclusiveness are important to ensure political stability, peace & harmony.

If I maybe allowed to say that the word “Agong” in Hokkien bears a negative connotation.

Living In Australia



Paul Chong                                                                   Thursday, 14 December 2017


In a word, living in Australia is great . . . “a lucky country” in the downunder world, geographically speaking that is. Everything else is top of the world . . . rich in natural resources, largest continental island in the world, beautiful weather with sun, surf & sand for fun lovers, good first class education, opportunities for one & all in a truly cosmopolitan nation. Most importantly, fairness is practised in true meritocratic way.

I am a Chinese by descent . . . an Australian by consent. My family & I have been in Perth, Western Australia since 1982, that is more than quarter of my life. It is indeed a fortunate life with my three offsprings all acquiring tertiary education from a PhD holder, a specialist medical doctor to a civil engineer.

Though born & bred in Malaysia, I could never consider myself a Malaysian because of the non meritocratic system of extreme corrupt government since independence from British colonial rule. Every non Malay race is marginalised in all aspects of human endeavour & life. Needless for me to go into any detail of the ongoing unfairness & injustice upon looking back & looking in from outside. There’s no meritocracy but sheer  “democrazy”. Brain drain from the country is no surprise. What’s Malaysia’s loss is gain to countries like Singapore, Australia, US, UK & Canada.

Everyone wants & deserves a good life, but not to expect & demand on hand-outs, for that would be tantamounting to living on your knees rather than dying on your feet. You’ve got to work, not only working hard but working smart as well. Work is God’s design for our natural living.

In Australia the aged are well taken of. Medical care can be said to be par excellence. All possible help are extended to make life of the aged comfortable & safe. Under the scheme known as Home & Community Care (HACC), there are organisations offering facilities to take good care of you, especially as the song goes “When you grow too old to dream, you’d have them to remember”.

Really, old people can keep on living in their own home, best place to be, rather than to scale down moving to units or aged homes, unless it is absolutely necessary. If you are living alone, Red Cross provides visitor service whereby a visitor would come by on a regular basis to keep you company, have a chat with you, have tea or a game of card, or take you out shopping or medical appointments. Other organisations also provide such a service & other home services as well like domestic cleaning, minor home maintenance, gardening.

There’s that Triple A Care (Australian Asian Aged Care Program) with multiple home & community care services. Charges for the services are subsidised & all that is required is $8 per hour.

TADWA’s (Technology Assisting Disability WA) purpose is to improve the quality & enjoyment of life for people with disabilities, older people & those caring for them through the application of technology & the skills of volunteers & staff. For our home, they came & installed safety railings for our steep driveway, front & back garden steps. All we need pay pay is for the materials.

In the case of Chorus (its old name Volunteer Task Force) apart from providing gardening service & other domestic services, organises outings to places of interest & lunches. I am particularly impressed by their friendliness,helpfulness with extreme care & attention.`The staff & the team of volunteers are about the nicest people you will ever meet. A stranger is but a friend you have not met. You can have hundreds of friends`but none near you or ever in sight, you might just as well be by yourself.

Old habits die hard. Nothing like living the life you are so accustomed to`. . . free & easy to be living in your own home.`A man’s home is his castle, however modest or otherwise.`

In the final analysis, I wish the best for all Malaysians. I would further add by quoting what the DAP leader Lim Kit Siang said: ” If we love Malaysia, we must unite as Malaysian patriots to save Malaysia from corruption, kleptocracy, injustices, exploitation and the fate of a third-world nation”.““““`“““““““““


Paul Chong                                                  Friday, 8 December 2017

(Scientific name: Xanthorrhoea)

Once known as “Black Boys” but because of its racial connotation & being “politically incorrect” is nowadays widely called Grasstrees. They’re only found in Australia, most abundantly in the south west.

At the foot of Perth Hills, at the junction of Welshpool Road & Tonkin Highway, is a huge native garden specialising in grasstree landscaping with a large supply of these native plants.
Grasstrees Australia specializes in the supply of quality grasstrees and macrozamia reidlei. By holding all their stock for 12 months after rescuing them from the national forests after the hazards of bush fires, they allow a new root system to develop, resulting in plants that are healthier, require less water and will make an instant visual impact on your garden.

* Native to southwest WA and available in a variety of shapes and sizes.
*Ideal specimen plant to add character and focus to any garden.
* Spectacular when planted in a cluster. (see our picture gallery)
* Small and large plants are suitable to be installed in a pot.
*Mature grasstrees produce flower stalks periodically, most commonly every two to three years.

The plants can grow to a height of over four metres and commonly branches. The plant is very slow growing, taking about one hundred years to grow one metre.

Walking sticks are made from the matured flower stalks. They are light but strong & can cost as much as $60 or more in the Aussie tourist shops. The plants are also pretty pricy ranging from about $300 to $1,000 depending on height & the number of branches.
Twin-Branch Grasstree

Grasstrees survive well in the bush resisting the hazards of bush fire. In fact fire helps to propagate their spreading growth. The stems get burnt turning black & it must be for this reason that they were originally known as “blackboys”.

Right in front of our home is the Darling Range National Park where it’s home to an abundance of these grasstrees . . . a natural landscape unique to Australia.

My backyard has been richly endowed with numerous grasstrees with a few spread in my front garden. Even my post box is guarded by two or three of them.

Beijing ~ Melbourne By High-Speed Train


Paul Chong

Wednesday, 29 November 2017


As it is Australia is one huge continent with great distances from north to south & east to west. It is a country, a continent and an island. It is located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.

The vast distances between places make it expensive to travel domestically. Most Australian find it more worthwhile to travel abroad to Bali, Thailand, Malaysia & Singapore. In 3 years, we will take a trip across all the borders from North to South.

But not for long now. Changes are in the horizon & within three years,high-speed train will be coming to Australia. In 3 years, we will take a trip across all the borders from North to South. Distance barriers will become a thing of the past.

Starting at Beijing thereafter, along the South Canton line, from Nanning into Indo-China, Malay Peninsula passing through Hanoi, Vientiane, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and other important cities, thereafter through Malacca Strait tunnel into Indonesia’s Pulau Sumatera, the Indonesian Archipelago, passing through Jakarta, Bandung, and other Indonesian cities, through to Australia via The Northern Territories capital, Darwin, spanning a 550-kilometre trip cross-Sea bridge into Australia’s East Coast via Cairns, Brisbane, Sydney, Canberra to the train terminal at Melbourne.

Built by China Railway on a turnkey contract, with total length of project 13000 km, for the entire viaduct Railway, design of 2 sea-crossing tunnels, 5 bridges, at highest speed of 400 km per hour, and at a total investment of 460 billion U.S. dollar.

The Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure investment Bank will provide financial support to all countries along the way.

After completion of the project, the trip from Melbourne to Beijing via high-speed train is expected to be within 48 hours, with fare control within 1000 Australian dollars. Annual passenger throughput is expected to reach 200 million persons each year. For countries along the way it will bring direct economic benefits of more than 200 billion U.S. dollars.

The project expected to commence early 2018 and completed by end 2020.

Along the way, you can enjoy different customs and natural landscapes of Australia and Southeast Asia, and enjoy delicious food from all over the world. As the train passes through every country, the country’s attendants will provide services for the railway.

It’s a changing world we live in. Make sure you live healthily to usher in this new era of fast-speed transportation. Passengers can expect to travel in great comfort, apart from high speed, & if not more comfortable than the airlines & more affordable.

Why Quotations?

In the memorable words of actress Marlene Dietrich:

“I love quotations because it is a joy to find thoughts one might have, beautifully expressed with much authority by someone recognised wiser than oneself.”

To fill our mind with the brightest pearls of wisdom from the greatest men and women of letters is one of the best things you can do for yourself.
Herein below are some quotable quotes:

Great men are like eagles, and build their nest on some lofty solitude. Arthur Schopenhauer

The heights by great men reached and kept were not attained by sudden flight, but they, while their companions slept, were toiling upward in the night. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

In reading the lives of great men, I found that the first victory they won was over themselves… self-discipline with all of them came first. Harry S Truman

I think self-discipline is something, it’s like a muscle. The more you exercise it, the stronger it gets. Daniel Goldstein

Why the human brain has evolved to look so far into the future is so that we can take actions in the present that will bring us to a better future rather than a worse one. Daniel GoldsteinWe all have dreams. But in order to make dreams come into reality, it takes an awful lot of determination, dedication, self-discipline, and effort. Jesse OwensIn the final analysis, attainment comes about as a result of conceiving, believing & achieving in whatever endeavour.

World’s First Floating City By 2020


World’s First Floating City To Emerge In The Pacific Ocean By 2020, And Here’s How The Life Will Look On It


Paul Chong                            Saturday 18 November 2017
A Chinese by Descent
An Australian by Consent

I say ideas are like gold & ought to be mined      & s0ld.Some Quotable Quotes:

Ideas the greatest commodities in the world
When they come you are never told
Don’t be surprised by their appearance
Jotting them down will be a rich experience.

Their appearances don’t come by rhyme
Thoughts & ideas emerging all the time
Taking a shower or asleep ‘neath a sheet
Reading a book or seeing your footy team beat.

Ideas are opportunities knocking on the door
Be aware & you’ll never be poor
Ideas gained & ideas tilled
Committing to action means you’ll be fulfilled.

Ideas are rich & poor
Depending on how you stir
Begin now with your pen
Carrying them through will make you grand.

(Originally penned on Tuesday 3 July 1990 @ 4.40 am)

%d bloggers like this: