China’s Amazing Mega Projects & Megalopolis

16-billion-the-jiaozhou-bay-bridge-is-the-worlds-longest-cross-sea-bridge-stretching-nearly-26-miles-almost-the-length-of-a-marathon

The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge

By Paul Chong                               Sunday, 29 January 2017

China from an essentially poor agrarian country to its present status as an economic & industrial super-power is absolutely unprecedented & unmatched by any other country in the world . . . achieving it all in a matter of 3 to 4 decades. Putting it simply, it’s like leaping from having no phone to super smart phone. Historically, no other nation has ever done that.

It’s similar to walking on the moon as a giant step for mankind. Indeed China’s growth & progress have gone & impacted foreign shores by its win-win policy of mutual benefits sharing. Now technological & scientific advancements have propelled China to seeking out outer space, the moon & beyond.

In a quick flashback, China has been known & accustomed to monumental projects like the Great Wall, the Grand Canal, the Forbidden City & more recently the Three Gorges Dam . . . to showcase its engineering prowess and project its economic might.

Over the next 10 years, the China plans to move 250 million people — the equivalent of Indonesia’s entire population — into the country’s rapidly-growing mega cities. It has lifted out of poverty some 700 million to date.“China has always had this history of mega-projects,” said Huang Yukon, an economist and senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a think tank based in Washington.”
“It’s part of the blood, the culture, the nature of its society. To have an impact on the country, they’ve got to be big.”

From highways that span the continent, to, the largest wind power base in the world, to enormously popular airports, to new cities in the desert, China is showing what it really means to do big things.

Many of the projects are simply colossal, absolutely unbelievable & totally out of this world & cost exorbitant.

Huge superstructure projects could bolster China’s position as a manufacturing and trading powerhouse. In November 2016, the government said its freight rail link between eastern China and Spain had opened, allowing factory goods to reach Spain in just over 20 days. It is now the world’s longest rail journey, far surpassing the route of the famed Trans-Siberian Railway. Recently China’s freight trains achieved successful link between Shanghai & London.

35-billion-the-beijing-shanghai-high-speed-railway-is-the-worlds-longest-high-speed-rail-project-to-be-constructed-in-a-single-phase

The Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway

The Beijing Shanghai High Speed Railway is the world’s longest high-speed rail project to be constructed in a single phase. ($35 BILLION).

The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is the world’s longest cross-sea bridge, stretching nearly 26 miles — almost the length of a marathon. Bridge-building in China has become something akin to an Olympic event. In 2007, after China completed the longest sea-crossing bridge, in Hangzhou, the nation has regularly broken records. China now claims the longest bridge of any kind, the highest bridge and, in 2011, a new successor to the longest sea-crossing bridge, 26.4 miles long, in the eastern city of Qingdao. ($16 BILLION).

As a one-party state, China can easily muster the political will and financial resources to undertake such huge projects. The crux of the matter is that there is no undue bureaucratic delay in implementing & working through its undertaking.

In Dalian, a city of six million in the northeast, the proposed underwater rail tunnel to Yantai is just one piece of a master plan that includes a 163-mile urban transit system.

Work is also underway on what the city says will be the world’s largest offshore airport, a $4.3 billion development on an artificial island created with landfill, covering more than eight square miles.

Gansu Wind Farm
Located in the desert of northwest China, this is expected to be the world’s biggest wind turbine farm, with a capacity of 20,000 megawatts by 2020. ( $17.5 BILLION).

New Century Global Center
With 1.7 million square meters of floor space, it is the biggest building in the world, nearly three times the size of the Pentagon. ($2 BILLION).

Beijing Daxing International Airport
Groundbreaking has begun on Beijing’s third city airport, to be located south of the city, and due to open in 2019. ($13 BILLION).

Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
At 26.4 miles, the world’s longest sea-crossing bridge, with six lanes for car traffic. Opened in 2011. ($2.3 BILLION).

Shanghai Yangshan Deepwater Port
Built 20 miles out to sea, on a group of islands connected by one of the world’s longest bridges. ($18 BILLION).

South-North Water Diversion Project
A series of huge canals and pipelines that pump water from three different regions up north. ($80 BILLION).

West to East Gas Pipeline
A series of pipelines that ship gas to Shanghai and other big coastal areas. Major sections due to be completed by 2017. ($71 BILLION).

High-Speed Rail Network
The world’s most extensive high-speed rail system, now with more than 12,000 kilometers of track completed and speeds of up to 350 kilometers. ($322 BILLION).

MEGALOPOLIS
The most fascinating mega projects to be developed will be two Megalopolis.

322-billion-by-2030-china-plans-to-round-up-42-million-people-from-a-nine-city-region-into-one-giant-megacity-in-the-pearl-river-delta-the-population-is-expected-to-hit-80-million-by-the-time-construc

Megalopolis in the Pearl River Delta Region

By 2030, China plans to round up 42 million people from a nine-city region into one giant megacity in the Pearl River Delta. The population is expected to hit 80 million by the time construction ends. ($322Billion).

Up north, Jingjinji or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, will become the national capital region of China. It is the biggest urbanized region in Northern China that includes an economic region surrounding Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, along the coast of the Bohai Sea.

The new city should unite Beijing, Tianjin and the Hebei region into one supercity or megalopolis. China has approved a $36 billion railway plan to improve transport links between Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei.

Jing-Jin-Ji in China is so big it’s estimated to be the size of 17 Sydneys and, once completed, will be home to 130 million people, nearly three times the size of US population.

The massive project, which will see Beijing, the port city of Tianjin and the Hebei hinterland region connected by high speed rail, began two years ago, Chinese authorities have been talking about creating it for more than a decade.

This was born out of political pressure rather than economic prosperity. Over population, traffic congestion and high levels of air pollution have forced Chinese authorities to devise a new way of dealing with the growing problems, according to University of Sydney associate professor Duanfang Lu.

As a whole, each region will have its specific functions & responsibilities with Beijing essentially functioning on administration.

China is fast reshaping both domestically & globally the human, economic & political landscape. Having said all the foregoing, China with two-thirds of the world’s population & eighty percent of the world’s economy, will no doubt have both the ability & capacity to lead, transform & reshape the global economy. President Xi Jinping’s wise initiative & foresight in implementing the One Belt & One Road is a definite good move in the right direction. With the establishment of  the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), a new multilateral financial institution designed to bring countries together to address the daunting  task ahead.

It is predicted that by 2020 China will be number one in the world. At G20 Summit, Hangzhou 2016, it showed that

G7 has no right to represent the World’s Economy. List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves.

RankG20 CountryMillions in $USMember of  G7
1 China3,305,445
2 Japan1,262,509Japan
3 Saudi Arabia555,000
4 Russia398,200
5 South Korea369,840
6 India367,169
7 Brazil362,200
8 Germany200,394Germany
9 Mexico179,708
10 United Kingdom164,003United Kingdom
11 France153,890France
12 Italy143,183Italy
13 United States121,269United States
14 Turkey112,769

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Beijing’s Epic Traffic Jam

By P Chong

Thursday, 18 August 2011

Beijing is building another Great Wall – this time it’s made of cars.

In China with the world’s largest population of 1.3 billion, and where everything is of out- size proportions, e.g. the Great Wall of China, Three Gorges Dam, the Grand Canal,

the largest of this or the tallest of that, nothing seems to amaze anyone more than its nightmare with traffic jam.

Super block buster movie? Unreal!

No! It’s real!!

Massive traffic snarl

Traffic jam beyond your wildest imagination!!!

If you are one of those drivers confronted with road rage in traffic jams in Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, or Jakarta, forget about driving in Beijing or be caught in one of their traffic jams . . . they could stretch for days on end.

 How about this: ONE traffic jam snaking into Beijing is 100km long and expected to last for a month . . .

showing how China’s economic growth and booming car numbers are still outstripping the billions being spent on infrastructure.

Baffled by the world’s longest traffic jam, the Chinese government has mobilised hundreds of policemen to clear the 100-km long stretch of the Beijing-Tibet highway, riddled with vehicles for 13 days, with the pile-up almost reaching the outskirts of the capital. Surprisingly, there have been no reports of road rage, and the main complaint has been about villagers on bicycles selling food and water at 10 times the normal price.

“Insufficient traffic capacity on National Expressway 110 caused by maintenance construction since August 19 is the major cause of the congestion,” a publicity officer with the Beijing Traffic Management Bureau told the Global Times this week.

The snarl up on the highway, on a section that links the capital to the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia was triggered by road construction and repair. While all sorts of vehicles appeared to have been caught up in the jam, it was mostly caused by lengthy coal carrying trucks, which brings fuel for the industries around the capital.

Traffic arrangements built up over generations in the U.S. are lacking in much of China, said Bob Honea, director of the University of Kansas Transportation Research Institute, who has visited China. “We’ll see this problem more and more often. It’s true of every developing country,” he said.

“Beijing’s already a big parking lot!” complained a taxi driver Gan during a traffic jam on the East Third Ring Road. “We’re making another Great Wall, it’s just that this one is made of cars,” he said.

In the worst-hit stretches of the road in northern China, drivers pass the time sitting in the shade of their immobilized trucks, playing cards, sleeping on the asphalt or bargaining with price-gouging food vendors. Many of the trucks that carry fruit and vegetables are unrefrigerated, and the cargoes are assumed to be rotting.

 No portable toilets were set up along the highway, leaving only two apparent options — hike to a service area or into the fields. At several places, drivers, sick and tired of the snarl up, were bitter and angry as temperatures soared during the day and dipped in the nights. Many complained that local vendors were fleecing them for food and water, charging heavy rates, by selling water for 10 yuan as against 1 yuan.

The jam which some in Beijing say was not new in that particular section has also brought the spotlight back on China’s soaring auto sales. The congestion is set to peak in five years, when the total number of cars is expected to nearly double, the Beijing Transportation Research Centre said in its new report.

If people continue to purchase vehicles at the current rate of 1,900 new cars a day, the total will reach seven million in 2015 in Beijing alone, reducing average speeds in the city to below 15 km an hour, the report said.

By the end of 2009, Beijing had four million cars, a growth of 17 per cent over 2008. Experts say the urban layout forces people to buy cars and the city planning leaves people no choice but to travel.

In recent years, vehicle buying in the world’s most populous nation has gathered pace. China last year passed the US for the first time as the world’s biggest buyer of automobiles.

 Car ownership is soaring fastest in China’s biggest and richest cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. About 650,000 new cars are estimated to be put on the road every year in the capital alone.

Road-Straddling Megabus 2011-08-03 (TED) One radical solution thown up this month is a road-straddling mega-bus so big that cars can drive under it. Proponents say this would eliminate the need to tunnel underground or build expensive bridges. The elevated buses straddle the road on rails and provide enough clearance for other vehicles on the road - apart from large trucks - to drive beneath. This strategy would allow the buses to travel faster than the other traffic without the need for dedicated lanes or structures.

And construction of 15km of rail track is planned for Beijing’s Mentougou district this year, with a further 170km if it is successful.

 Source: CCTV, The Australian, Global Times, The Wall Street Journal