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China: Miner Survived 17 Years Underground

PC/29 Sept2014

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Survivor’s face of extreme mixed emotion


    On Tuesday, October 19, 2010 

  – Chile’s 33 miners were trapped in a half-mile underground for 69 days, when part of their mine collapsed, and for 17 days they were feared dead. They were later saved in a 24 hour, $20m rescue operation and were welcomed as national heroes – setting the new world record for the Longest time survived underground after a mining accident.

Now the above record is broken by a Chinese miner Cheung Wai who survived for 17 years underground.

In China mining accidents happen all the time in the tens or hundred – especially in unauthorised mines.

This case is unique deserving a special mention.

A group of coal miners from the western province of Xinjiang had an unbelievable surprise when the gallery they were excavating opened up on a section of an old mine, that was abandoned 17 years ago after an earthquake that caused some large sections of the tunnels to collapse. While they were exploring the galleries, they stumbled upon Cheung Wai, a 59-year old survivor from the 1997 accident, obviously in a rather bad shape. He was immediately taken to the hospital where a complete evaluation of his physical and mental states will be done over the next weeks.

The poor man had remained trapped underground with the bodies of 78 of his dead coworkers, after an earthquake of a magnitude of 7.8 hit the region and caused the wooden support structure of the mine to crumble and collapse. Somehow lucky in his misfortune, Mr. Cheung was saved by the fact that some ventilation duct still connected his underground prison to the surface, allowing him access to air that was  sufficiently pure to keep him alive.

He managed to survive thanks to an emergency stash of rice and water, stored in an underground depot, conceived especially for this kind of case. The man complemented his diet by catching and eating the countless rats that pullulate in the mine, as well as collecting large quantities of some sort of phosphorescent moss, which constituted his only source of vitamins. Even though he was suffering from great physical and mental stress, he managed to give proper burials to all of his comrades, spending almost a year in this great selfless act.

Mining accidents remain common in China despite growing measures by the government to reduce the problem, which killed more than 4000 miners a year at the beginning of the millenium. Over the last years, the authorities have been cracking down on many unregulated mining operations, which account for almost 80 percent of the country’s 16,000 mines. The closure of about 1,000 dangerous small mines last year helped to cut in half the average number of miners killed, to about six a day, in the first months of this year, according to governmental statistics.

The case of Mr. Cheung remains unique and constitutes a world record, according to  the Guinness Book of Records.

 
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Posted by on August 29, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

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Evaporative Cooler to Run Without Electricity

Source: Chinese Business View Published: 2014-8-19

Non-Electric Cooler

Inventor Zhang Kai adjusts an evaporative cooler he and his father designed to run without electricity. Photo: CFP

According to media report recently a junior high school teacher and his son in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province invented an evaporative cooler that works without electricity thus saving on utility bills..

History teacher Zhang Zizhi teamed up with his son, Zhang Kai, a college freshman majoring in electronic and information engineering, to design a cooler that works much like conventional evaporative coolers – except without an electric water pump.

“This can be useful in a tent while camping in summer,” said the elder Zhang.

According to their tests, the device is capable of cooling an average-sized room by 2 C in 10 minutes.

Standing 1.2-meters tall, the cooler consists of a metal frame with eight pieces of wet fabric hanging closely together to act as cooling pads.

Instead of using a pump to draw water onto the pads, water flows from a plastic water tank placed above the cooler.

Water flow is regulated with a drip-valve from a standard IV bag.

As hot air passes through the wet fabric, the water slowly evaporates. Water molecules are then dispersed and absorb heat from the hotter air. The larger the cooling pads, the more water evaporates.

It takes two liters of water every three hours.

The Zhangs said the device cost 60 yuan ($9.77) to build.

The father-son team seeks to develop an automatic water feeding device and replace the metal racks with a collapsible plastic frame in order to further cut costs.

 
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Posted by on August 27, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

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Mahatma Gandhi – Turning Adversity to Victory

PC/27-08-2014

mahatma-gandhi1

. . . when one responds appropriately & spontaneously to problematic situations & rise above them.

That’s how greatness take root.

Act rather than react.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka Mahatma Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Here we see how Mahatma Gandhi turned

adversity to victory . . .

 
When Gandhi was studying law at the University College of London, a white professor, whose last name was Peters, disliked him intensely and always displayed prejudice and animosity towards him.

Also, because Gandhi never lowered his head when addressing him , as he expected . . . there were always “arguments” and confrontations.



One day, Mr. Peters was having lunch at              the dining room of the University, and Gandhi came along with his tray and sat next to the professor. The professor said, “Mr Gandhi, you do not understand. A pig and a bird do not sit together to eat.”



Gandhi looked at him as a parent would a rude child and calmly replied, “You do not worry professor. I’ll fly away,” and he went and sat at another table. 

Mr. Peters, reddened with rage, decided to take revenge on the next test paper, but Gandhi responded brilliantly to all questions.

Mr. Peters, unhappy and frustrated, asked him the following question. “Mr Gandhi, if you were walking down the street and found a package, and within was a bag of wisdom and another bag with a lot of money, which one would you take?”



Without hesitating, Gandhi responded, “The one with the money, of course.”



Mr. Peters , smiling sarcastically said, “I, in your place, would have taken the wisdom, don’t you think?” 



Gandhi shrugged indifferently and responded, “Each one takes what he doesn’t have.”



Mr. Peters, by this time was fit to be tied. So great was his anger that he wrote on Gandhi’s exam sheet the word “idiot” and gave it to Gandhi.

Gandhi took the exam sheet and sat down at his desk trying very hard to remain calm while he contemplated his next move.



A few minutes later, Gandhi got up, went to the professor and said to him in a dignified but sarcastically polite tone, “Mr. Peters, you signed the sheet, but you did not give me the grade.”

 

 

 

 

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Posted by on August 26, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

China’s Unprecedented Peaceful Rise to Greatness

PC/26-08-2014

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Historically in the West, the path to great power was achieved mainly through wars, conquest, aggression, destruction, exploitation, enslavement, executions, looting & such like evils.

Starting with Portugal in the 15th Century, the first great global seaborne power with an empire stretching from Brazil, across the Atlantic, to both West and East Africa, through to the Indian Ocean with an outpost in Goa and thence to the Western Pacific in Macau.  Following Portugal, the rise of the next eight great powers: Spain, the Netherlands, Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan and the United States.

The US, the most voluble critic & the self-acclaimed champion of democracy, has surpassed all others in its pursuit of greatness . . . but at what costs to humanity! By all reckoning, history shows atrocious policies of slavery, the genocide of native American Indians, wars and territorial acquisitions (notably from Mexico), the control of neighbouring countries in the Caribbean through the expulsion of other powers, the imposition of the Monroe Doctrine declaring Latin America a US sphere of influence, culminating in the Spanish-American war whereby Washington acquired Puerto Rico (as well as Guam and the Philippines) and expelling Spain from Cuba.

Till US of today, nothing positive emerged from its interference in Iraq, Afghanistan, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Ukraine . . . not forgetting the wars in Korea & Vietnam. It boasts of hundreds or thousands of  military bases the world over.

British diplomacy & so-called intervention are most exemplary in their quest for power. I can never forget studying in my school days about British intervention in Malaya (present day Malaysia) & India. But the worst crime committed by the British was swarming China with opium addiction through its commercial vehicle the East India Company.

China has never been more humiliated by the conglomeration of foreign powers as during the waning years of Qing Dynasty. It was a free-for-all encroachment & territorial grab. China was literally on its knees. In the words of Sun Yat-sen, China was a “poly-colony” with multiple countries helping themselves to bits and pieces of Chinese territory in what were called “spheres of influence”.

The way of the western powers, Japan included, was (and still is) essentially to cause chaos & disorder before seeking to impose their order. This is indeed bellicose, brutal & horrifically barbaric. No way can the western powers hold up their heads & to responsibly advise China what to do.

China’s peaceful rise to great power status”, a term coined by Chinese thought leader Zheng Bijian in 2005 will be by the way of peace & prosperity for all humanity. Meritoriously, China has achieved its success that has never been known before.

China does not & will not follow the Western path. It has a success formula all its own – political, economic or social. It’s building ties & friendship all over from Asia, Europe, Russia, Africa right to South America, Canada & US included.

China does not have to feel ashamed of its historical humiliation. The Chinese dragon is a benevolent creature & revered as such. There will be showers of blessings & rain of prosperity for all.

China’s claim to greatness will rest on its ethics & will continue to astonish the world by the speed & scale of its economic growth & power. It owes no apology to any nation. In fact, the aforesaid countries, Japan no exception, owe apologies to China.

History cannot be changed, not by legislation nor any means.

China has always been & always will be on making friends rather than enemies

with  foreign powers.

The righteous shall rise

Evil shall fall.

 
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Posted by on August 26, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

Undersea High-Speed Rail Linking China with Taiwan?

High-speed-train

In recent years of the 21st century China has initiated trade & cultural links with Taiwan in its attempt to welcome its “prodigal” return to

motherland. There have been even some hopeful exchanges at party level.

Here’s positively a great idea for a physical embrace by way of building an undersea high-speed rail linkage between them . . . never the bond be set apart.

Source: Beijing Times & Wikipedia

Wang Mengshu, a railway expert from the prestigious Chinese Academy of Engineering, said China plans to build an undersea high-speed rail line between Fujian and Taiwan, linking the “renegage province” with the mainland. This will necessitate the construction of a 150 kilometre undersea cross-strait tunnel.

The Taiwan Strait Tunnel Project is a proposed undersea tunnel to connect Pingtan in China to Hsinchu in northern Taiwan as part of the G3 Beijing–Taipei Expressway. First proposed in 1996, the project has since been subject to a number of academic discussions and feasibility studies, including by the China Railway Engineering Corporation. The route between Pingtan and Hsinchu was chosen because of its short distance (compared to other proposed routes) and its relative geological stability (in a region frequented by earthquakes). One expert from the Chinese Academy of Engineering suggested in 2005 that the Taiwan Strait Tunnel Project was one of five major undersea tunnel projects under consideration for the next twenty to thirty years.

Currently, the project is not considered viable due to lack of interest from the Taiwanese, staggering costs and unsolved technical problems. At nearly 150 km, the proposed tunnel would be nearly three times longer than the Channel Tunnel. In addition, Taiwan is concerned about the tunnel’s potential use by China in aggressive military actions. Nonetheless, in July 2013, the Chinese State Council approved plans for the project,[ although this “approval” is practically meaningless. Construction would still require approval by the Taiwanese government, which is highly unlikely.

Perhaps, an independent statesman of international standing like Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore would help to bridge & bring about the reconciliation between the two.


 
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Posted by on August 23, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

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Why War When Peace Can Achieve So Much More?

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Pictures: Flickr

Here’s one proposal for China to add to its many giant infrastructures that are reshaping the global landscape. It will certainly counter all the propaganda adversities constantly advocated by the aggressive West bent on regime changes under the guise of democracy, fighting terrorism,regime tyranny, the laughable weapons of mass destruction, intervening & disrespecting all sovereignties of lesser nations . . . all too conveniently camouflaging their own hidden agenda.

Instead of GREED & AGGRESSION

why not PEACE & GOODWILL?

Human beings are not animals nor enemies . . . Why these ceaseless wars? Wars achieve nothing except atrocities, destruction, mass suffering & misery. Peace is the greatest achievement & prize of mankind to ensure a harmonious world of prosperity for all.

Instead of warships & aircraft carriers, the very weapons of mass destruction, the seas & oceans could be floating with ships of friendship, which all ports of call would welcome. Floating megaships that could serve as “Marine Ambassadors” or “China’s Ships of Peace & Goodwill” calling on BRICS members, friendly ports & countries towards building peace & harmony, sharing plans for economic growth & prosperity, financial help & assistance on a win-win situation.

These megaships could well be “Cruise Ships” for fun loving holiday makers, but to be well equipped with facilities for trading, cultural exchanges to build & foster relationships, promoting goodwill & friendship, sharing sort of like a permanent expo of human advances & technologies.

In line with Xi Jinping’s recreation of the “Maritime Silk Route” these megaships would be fulfilling the same purpose. They would be showing to the world at large what a wonderful that this could be.

To begin with, one could sail the eastern seas & oceans with one other covering the West. The days of “inward looking” are no more! Maritime Silk Route will further open up China . . . linking & sharing its prosperity with the world.

Paul Chong

A Chinese by Descent

An Australian by Consent

 
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Posted by on July 28, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

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Pig – More Than Just An Animal

Pig - More Than Just An Animal

Pig is undoubtedly the greatest gift from God, apart from being a choice food source of the Chinese, no part of the animal is wasted. Would you believe an incredible 185 different uses to which it is put  –  from the manufacture of sweets and shampoo, to bread, body lotion, beer and bullets? Please refer chart above.

This is really turning the world where there are religious restrictions & practices among the Muslims & the Jews pertaining to the consumption of pork, avoidance of pig products is inescapable.

The complex workings of the global food and processing industry have ensured that it is almost impossible to avoid pig altogether.

Christien Meindertsma, from Holland, author of “Pig 05049″, in a TED presentation that I saw recently, looks at the astonishing afterlife of the ordinary pig, parts of which make their way into at least 185 non-pork products, from bullets to artificial hearts.

http://www.ted.com/talks/christien_meindertsma_on_pig_05049)

Identified by its yellow ear tag number, 05049, her pig trail ended with her identifying an incredible 185 different uses to which it was put  –  from the manufacture of sweets and shampoo, to bread, body lotion, beer and bullets. As such, it would be appropriate to stop thinking of the pig as just an animal – but more like an industrial raw material with a mind-blowing amount of different uses.

She found that 4.9lbs of her 16st 3lb pig went to making wine gums, while 4.8lbs went into liquorice. In this process, collagen is taken from the pig and is then converted into gelatine. This finds its way into numerous foodstuffs, where it acts as a gelling agent.

It is not only sweets that contain pork gelatine. In some beers, wines and fruit juices, pig gelatine is used to remove the cloudiness from the drink. It works as a clarifying agent by reacting with the tannins in the liquid and absorbing the cloudiness.

Some ice creams, whipped creams, yoghurts and certain butters also contain gelatine, as do certain pet foods. More surprisingly, a number of medicines also contain pig gelatine  –  everything from painkillers to multivitamins.

Hygiene and beauty products are also made of pig. Fatty acids extracted from the bone fat of pigs are used in shampoos and conditioners to give them their shiny, pearl-like appearance. These acids can also be found in a number of body lotions, foundations and anti-wrinkle creams. Glycerine made from pork fat is also an ingredient in many types of toothpaste.

Christein, from Holland, found that while some companies were reluctant to cooperate in her quest, others claimed that they didn’t even realise their products contained elements taken from a pig because of the middle men involved in the complex distribution process.

The confusion is not helped by the fact that it is not clear on products’ ingredient labels where they originally came from.

According to the Food Standards Authority, there is no legal obligation for manufacturers to specify whether the gelatine they use is from a pig or another animal. When it is specified, it is often confusingly referred to as Suilline gelatine.

There’s an old expression that says: when it comes to pig, you can use everything but the squeal. Over the past 100 years those uses have expanded rapidly.’

Some of the surprising products that can include pig material include photographic film, which uses collagen from pig bones; shoes that use bone glue from pigs to improve the quality of the leather; and certain paints that use bone fat to enhance their glossy properties.

Some makers of cigarettes use haemoglobin from pig’s blood in their filters. Apparently this element works as a sort of ‘artificial lung’ in the cigarette so, they claim, ‘harmful reactions take place before the chemicals reach the user’.

And the next time you buy a loaf of bread you would be well advised to read the packaging. Some manufacturers use an ingredient called L-cysteine, which is a protein made from pig or other animal hair and which is used to soften the dough.

The strangest use for a pig by-product that Christein found was in bullets and explosives. Pig bone gelatine was used to help transport the gunpowder or cordite into the bullet. It is difficult not to be impressed by the sheer versatility of this animal and its parts.

Virtually nothing in a pig goes to waste. The snout from Pig 05049 became a deep-fried dog snack, while pig ears are sometimes used for chemical weapon testing due to their similarity to human tissue. Tattoo artists even buy sections of pig skin to practise their craft on due to its similarity to human skin, while it is occasionally used with burns patients for the same reason.

Pigs make an enormous contribution to medicine, with insulin, the blood-thinning drug heparin and pig heart valves all vital.

There you are. So it’s not just pork chop, roast pork, bacon, ham of which we are familiar with. There’s such a lot of wealth & value in the various parts of the pig to benefit mankind.

Enjoying pork rinds (skin) as a crunchy snack, certainly a delicious crackle, is only scratching its surface. Be surprised that one serving of pork rinds is higher in protein & lower in fat than a serving of peanut. Because pork rinds have 0 grams of carbohydrates, their glycerine response is zero, making them an alternative for some diabetics.Even Men’s Health Magazine agrees that pork rinds are good for you.

 
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Posted by on July 25, 2014 in Uncategorized

 

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